Mongolia power adapters - what plugs are used in Mongolia?

Mongolian power outlet

What adapter do I need for Mongolia?

Bring a Type E plug adapter [3] to Mongolia if your plug won't fit into a Mongolian power outlet.

The type of plug adapter, power converter or charger that you'll need to use when visiting Mongolia all depends on the voltage and type of device that you're attempting to power in a Mongolian power outlet. If you do not know what voltage your device uses then please read the section about how to find out the voltage of your device first.

  • Certain parts of Mongolia do not have access to electricity and suffer from regular power outages therefore you should bring a power bank [4] if you want to recharge your phone battery whilst in a region without power or during a power outage.
  • If you're from America travelling to Mongolia then you will need to bring a plug adapter to fit a US plug in a Mongolian power outlet. Because the voltage is different in Mongolia use a power converter if your device isn't dual voltage and check that it will work with a 50hz power outlet.
  • If your device can run on 220 volts or is dual voltage and the plug can fit in a Mongolian power outlet then it should work in Mongolia without needing a plug adapter.
  • If your device can run on 220 volts or is dual voltage but the plug doesn't fit in a Mongolian power outlet you will need a suitable plug adapter for Mongolia such a Type E plug adapter [3]. A plug adapter for Mongolia (or power adapter) will change the shape of the plug on your device to fit into a plug outlet found in Mongolia, but doesn't change the voltage from 220 volts to use with another voltage.
  • If your device doesn't run on 220 volts and isn't dual voltage then you will also need a power converter for Mongolia to convert the voltage from 220 volts to the correct voltage on your device. You'll still need to bring a suitable plug adapter for Mongolia if the power converter doesn't have the correct Type E plug adapter.
  • If you want to bring USB devices such as a cellphone or a tablet then a USB travel power adapter is recommended and it should be dual voltage, however make sure that you choose to bring a USB travel adapter which includes a Type E plug adapter otherwise you'll also need to pack a suitable plug adapter for Mongolia.

Warning: If your device won't handle 220 volts used in Mongolia you run a risk of an electrical fire hazard, a blown fuse or damage to your device. Before using your device in Mongolia check the instruction manual first to ensure safe operation.

Mongolia power adapters

Power adapters for Mongolia

Varying complicated voltages and standards can all lead to confusion when planning to travel to a new country especially for the first time traveller. With only a handful of different types of plug sockets used throughout the world this guide tells you exactly what you'll need in advance to power your electronics in Mongolia. This page has links to step by step instructions showing exactly how to charge your devices when travelling to Mongolia using the Type E or C Mongolian 220 volt 50Hz power outlets. Most power adapters will vary depending on which region you travelling to so we suggest reading the Wikiconnections global power adapters guide where you'll find a full list of destinations.

What is the best power adapter for Mongolia?

The best power adapter for Mongolia is a Type E plug adapter [3] which will allow you to use any 220 volt appliance or device.

What is the best power adapter for Mongolia?

What is a power adapter?

Power adapters are small, cheap and lightweight plastic adapters that permit a different shaped power plug from a different region to correctly slot into a wall socket in Mongolia.

Also known as: an electrical adapter, plug adapter, travel adapter, electrical adaptor, mains travel adapter or power adaptor [5].

Can a power adapter convert the voltage from a Mongolian power outlet?

Power adapters will only adapt the shape of a plug to fit into a 220 volt Mongolian power outlet and can't convert to a higher voltage. If you need to safely use any 100, 110 or 120 volt device you will also need a more expensive step down power converter for Mongolia along with the right type of adapter.

What does a power adapter for a Mongolian power outlet do?

A power adapter enables visitors travelling from a different location to use their own electrical appliances and devices in Mongolia by changing the shape of the plug from one shape to another.

Do I need a power adapter for Mongolia?

It will depend on the shape of plug you are attempting to use in Mongolia and the location you are travelling from.

Will I need a power adapter if I'm visiting Mongolia from the US?

US plugs won't fit in a Mongolian power outlet so you will need to bring a power adapter for Mongolia, and as the voltage is much higher you will also need to use a power converter for Mongolia if your appliance or charger isn't dual voltage to prevent damage or overheating.

Mongolia power outlets and plug sockets

What plug sockets are used in Mongolia?

Type C and E power outlets

What plug sockets are used in Mongolia?

There are two different types of power outlets used in Mongolia, these are type E and C with the primary power outlets being type E:

  • Plug Type C - You can identify the wall socket by the two holes adjacent to each other for live and neutral.
  • Plug Type E - This recessed round power socket can be recognised by two circular adjacent holes next to each other for live and neutral along with a long metal grounding pin protruding the top forming a triangular configuration.

Do US plugs work in Mongolia?

No - a US plug won't work in Mongolia because it won't fit in a Mongolian power outlet without using a power adapter. Also, the voltage is 220 volts therefore use a power converter for Mongolia if your device or appliance isn't dual voltage and check that your appliance will work with a 50hz power outlet.

How do I use a 110 volt appliance in Mongolia?

A step down power converter will allow you to use a 110V appliance in Mongolia.

Is the voltage in Mongolia the same as in the US?

The voltage in Mongolia is 220 volts, however 120 volts is used in the US. If your US appliance or power charger won't handle dual voltage then you will need to use a suitable power converter for a Mongolian power outlet which can change the voltage from a 220-240 volt power outlet to 120 volts.

What is the electrical frequency used in Mongolia?

The frequency of the alternating current from a Mongolian power outlet is 50 Hz.

Is a plug socket in Mongolia the same as in the US?

A US plug won't fit in a Mongolian power outlet so you will need to use a plug adapter for Mongolia. Both the voltage and frequency are different so if your appliance or charger isn't dual voltage use a power converter for Mongolia and check that it works with 50hz.

What proportion of Mongolia has access to electricity?

In Mongolia almost 25% of the population doesn't have access to electricity.

Does Mongolia have power outages?

Typically Mongolia reports power blackouts around once a month.

Do I need a portable charger for Mongolia?

A power bank

Do I need a portable charger for Mongolia?

As electric isn't available in all areas of Mongolia alongside potential power blackouts, visitors are advised to use alternate charging solutions if they wish to continue using devices such as phones or tablets.

  • During a trip increased use of cell phones for storing itineraries, taking pictures, social network sharing, GPS and web browsing will syphon off power before the end of the day. As well as just missing photo opportunities this can potentially leave you stranded without enough power to make an emergency call or being able to use a satellite navigation app to return to your accommodation or hotel. By packing a power bank [4] for Mongolia eases those concerns as it means you can keep your mobile phone fully powered without using a phone charger, especially when travelling to a country with limited access to power and power cuts in some areas.
  • Use at least a 10,000mAh portable charger [4] which can supply enough energy to power around 3 full charge cycles whilst a 20,000mAh power bank [9] should keep an average smart phone powered for roughly 7 days. The mAh rating (or milli ampere-hours) shows the capacity of the battery and gives an indication of how many cycles the power bank can achieve, so a higher number is better for travellers.
  • Providing that your laptop supports USB-C charging then bringing a portable charger for a laptop [10] marked with PD (power delivery) that supplies 20Wh or more can be used to extend the battery life of that laptop in Mongolia.
  • Please note that some airlines prohibit batteries on an aircraft that supply 100 Wh of power or more and must be kept in hand luggage only.
  • Consumer power banks aren't strong enough for use with high wattage items that generate heat, although a rechargeable hair dryer [7] or gas hair straighteners [8] can be used for travelling to areas with both power cuts and limited access to electricity such as Mongolia.
Do solar battery chargers work in Mongolia?

A solar bag in the sun

Do solar battery chargers work in Mongolia?

Typical solar power banks [12] can slowly charge up in sunlight however because of the sunlight in Mongolia and the restricted footprint of the solar cell it is unlikely to be dependable for travellers. The smaller surface area of the cells means a solar charger needs to be kept in powerful daylight for extended periods of time to produce enough power for a single charge, which might prove difficult to constantly unpack a solar power bank then wait whilst it recharges in sunny spells.

  • Instead, the much larger durable cells used on a solar backpack [11] give the backpack the ability to generate more electricity within a faster period of time, and should generate some charge during overcast weather.
  • A device that has been plugged directly into the USB port of a backpack can gradually top up the battery during sunny spells in Mongolia, but this might prove inconvenient to have the phone continually connected in the bag should it be used constantly. Unlike a handheld solar power bank that needs to be unpacked and facing sunlight, a backback with solar panels is usually exposed to light so can be recharging a regular power bank during the day.
  • Due to the climate in Mongolia a solar bag should have the very minimum solar cell efficiency of 22% or greater, be able to generate a minimum of 6 watts of energy and includes a compatible power bank of 10,000mAH or greater.
  • They are available in laptop messenger, rucksack and backpack styles which makes them ideal for travel, domestic and work. Unlike normal rigid solar panels, the flexible and durable cells used in solar powered bags are made to survive bending and scratching.

Sources

  • International Electrotechnical Commission - World plugs by location (cited August 2014)
  • Wikipedia - Mains electricity by country (cited July 2014)
  • Index Mundi - Power outages in a typical month (cited May 2018, data collected between 2006 to 2017)
  • Index Mundi - Access to electricity (cited May 2018, latest data collected 2010)
  • WikiPedia - List of countries by average yearly temperature (cited May 2018, data averaged between 1961 to 1990)

Mongolia chargers

What is a USB travel power charger?

A USB travel charger is a dual voltage charger with interchangeable plugs and multiple USB ports, suitable for charging multiple USB powered devices when travelling abroad.

What USB charger do I need for Mongolia?

If you are travelling with more than one device the best international travel adapter for Mongolia is a multiple USB adapter which includes swappable plugs such as a 4 port USB travel charger [13]. There are two standards of wall outlets that Mongolians use (E and C) and using a power adapter like this will ensure that you are covered for type C. As these chargers come with interchangeable plugs and handle from 100 to 240 volts will mean you can travel to over 100 countries in Asia, North America, Europe and Africa simply by changing the heads over. If your type of device is compatible with Fast Charge then you will benefit from much quicker recharging times with one of these USB power adapters along with support for more power demanding devices like tablets. This will allow you to power more than one device at once without needing to bring individual power adapters for your Mongolian trip. By only packing a single lightweight USB travel charger will help keep the overall weight down, making it ideal to store in hand luggage while travelling. Because of their space saving flexibility these types of power adapters can be used at home not just abroad so when you're not travelling they can sit overnight charging multiple tablets, phones and e-readers with just a single power outlet.

We recommend buying this type of versatile power adapter online. The multipurpose power adapter illustrated is the 4 Port USB Wall Charger [13] which has been tested successfully for powering multiple USB devices in numerous countries around the world with perfect reliably.

What USB charger do I need for Mongolia?

Why use a travel USB charger for Mongolia?

  • Normal travel USB chargers include multiple USB charger ports, this means that you only need to bring a single charger to charge multiple devices. Rather than bring 4 separate power chargers it's now only necessary to pack a single 4 port USB wall charger to power up to 4 individual devices which cuts down on the size and weight of your luggage.
  • Most travel USB power chargers should include interchangeable plug heads for various regions. This is perfect when visiting multiple countries which are likely to use different outlets to Mongolia.
  • A good USB charger is compact, rugged and lightweight; ideal for rigors of travel instead of than risking packing a domestic charger which might be impossible to replace in Mongolia.
  • USB chargers can accept the 220 volts used in Mongolia power outlets plus other voltage standards across the world.
  • There is a possibility that some hotel rooms in Mongolia might only have one wall outlet, by bringing a travel charger with multiple USB ports means you can share the single wall outlet with family or other traveler instead of having to wait to recharge one device at a time.
  • Because of their versatile nature a travel USB charger takes the worry out of visiting an unknown country as they are guaranteed to work practically anywhere on the planet.
  • Power outlets found in airports are often scant and the demand for charging multiple devices from other passengers before a flight can be high, therefore a USB charger with multiple ports and the capability to fast charge is ideal.
  • Sometimes the power grid in a country can be unstable, a quality travel charger allows for unexpected spikes and prevents damage to any devices attached to it. Trying to repair an overloaded cell phone in Mongolia could prove to be problematic and costly.
  • Higher priced USB travel chargers should also incorporate a power outlet strip to plug in low wattage devices such as laptops, but be aware these will be unsuitable for high wattage domestic such as hair dryers or clothes irons. Please read the section on using travel appliances with a Mongolian power outlet for useful guidelines on the most suitable power adapter for using a high wattage appliances with a Mongolian power outlet.
  • Some tablets and cellphones could pull more than the normal 500 mA (milliamps) supplied by a standard 5 volt USB adapter to charge or provide fast charge. Higher priced USB travel chargers will support fast charging should some of your devices draw extra power.
  • On returning home travel USB power chargers can also be used by recharging multiple cellphones and tablets on an overnight basis using a single power outlet.

What is the best USB charger for Mongolia?

The is the most compact option for travellers from any country wanting to charge devices using USB, however for visitors also wishing to use their domestic plugs the following power strips provide larger but more versatile solutions. All 3 power strips offer surge protection which can be useful for visitors of counties with unstable power supplies. These travel adapters are supplied with interchangeable type C, I and G plugs covering both Mongolia and over 150 destinations:

  • BESTEK Portable International Travel Voltage Converter - The BESTEK travel converter has 4 USB charging ports with 3 AC power outlets and is the best selling compact power converter for travellers originating from North America visiting Mongolia.
  • ORICO Traveling Outlet Surge Protector Power Strip - Likewise having 4 USB ports but only 2 AC power outlets the travel adapter from Orico is also aimed at travellers originating from America using type B plugs and gives almost the same functionality as the BESTEK with only one less AC outlet at almost half price.
  • BESTEK International USB Travel Power Strip - This power strip has 2 AC outlets but offers a generous 5 USB charging ports. This versatile power strip is compatible with both American plugs and popular plug types A, D,E/F, G, H, I, L and N making it perfect for most travellers from around the world visiting Mongolia.

Power converters for Mongolia

What does a power converter for Mongolia do?

A power converter for Mongolia will allow travellers to use their 100, 110 or 120 volt electric appliance with a 220 volt Mongolian power outlet.

Also known as: electrical converter, electrical transformer, voltage converter, power transformer or voltage transformer.

What is the difference between a plug adapter and a power converter for Mongolia?

A cheap, small and lightweight power adapter (or plug adapter) will change the shape of the plug on your device to fit into a power outlet in Mongolia, but an expensive and bulkier power converter [14] converts the voltage of 220 volts from a Mongolian power outlet to work with a non-220 volt device.

Do I need a power converter for Mongolia?

If visiting Mongolia from a different country please check the device can be used with a 220 volt power supply.

  • A step down power converter [15] is needed if you are visiting Mongolia from a country that uses 100-120 volts and your device or appliance is incompatible with 220 volts. Read our list of world power outlets guide to see which voltage is used in your country.
  • You don't need a power converter if you already own either a single voltage appliance that works with 220 volts or one that is dual voltage.
  • Typically, electrical devices designed for a lower voltage (such as 120 volts) and then used with 220 volts run a risk of an electrical fire hazard, a blown fuse or damage to your device unless a step down power converter [15] is used.
  • You won't need a power converter if you wish to charge a smaller electrical device such as a tablet as these are normally designed for international use and support dual voltage, however you should always check the device for dual voltage support first.
  • For supplying power to high wattage appliances or generate heat (for example clothes irons or hair dryers) then you will need to use a much larger higher wattage heavy duty power converter [16] which allows the appliance to be used with a 220 volt Mongolian power outlet.
  • It will be more cost effective to purchase a robust lightweight dual voltage travel appliance than bringing a heavier high wattage power converter to Mongolia simply to use your existing domestic appliance.
  • Read these comprehensive guides on how to use curling irons, clothes irons, hair dryers and hair straighteners in Mongolian power outlets , along with recommendations on some affordable dual voltage alternatives.

Will I need a power converter for Mongolia if I'm visiting from America?

The 220 volts from a power outlet in Mongolia is different to a 110 volt US outlet, therefore you need to use a step down power converter [15] if your charger or appliance doesn't support dual voltage.

What converter do I need for Mongolia?

To use any 100, 110 or 120 volt appliance with a 220 volt Mongolian power outlet you will need to buy a step down power converter [15].

What voltage does Mongolia use?

Mongolia uses 220 volts in their normal power outlets.

How to convert 220 volts to 110 volts

  1. Use a step down power converter [15] to allow you to use a 110 or 120 volt appliance with a 220 volt Mongolian power outlet.
  2. If the power converter doesn't include the correct shaped plug then it will also be necessary to plug in the power cord from the power converter into a power adapter for Mongolia before plugging that into a Mongolian power outlet.
  3. Some power converters include the ability to perform both step up and step down voltage conversions, therefore it may be necessary to manually switch the converter to output the voltage to the 110-120 volt range.
  4. Plug your appliance into the converter and turn the power on, your 110-120 volt appliance can now be used with a 220 volt Mongolian power outlet.
What is the difference between a converter and a power transformer?

Voltage converter

What is the difference between a converter and a power transformer?

Converters and transformers are both used to change one voltage to another, but this ambiguity can cause confusion as their purposes are different:

  • Power converters are designed for simple electrical appliances which typically generate heat or use motors such as clothes irons, shavers or hair dryers. Transformers are designed for more complex electronic items such as televisions or games consoles.
  • Buying a power converter is cheaper than buying a power transformer.
  • Power transformers are larger and heavier making them more suited for permanent residential use; for example an expat wishing to use an imported television would need to use a transformer for this purpose.
  • Power converters are more suitable for travellers wishing to bring domestic appliances abroad such as hair dryers or flat irons. However, it is more practical and cost effective to purchase a dual voltage appliance designed for travel rather than a heavier power converter.
  • Power converters are suitable for 2 pin ungrounded appliances, it could be harder to find a converter if you want to use a grounded 3 pin appliance.
  • Transformers can be used constantly however it is recommended that converters are used for no longer than a couple of hours at a time.
  • Shops may sell transformers under the name of converters, for the purposes this guide we will be referring to both converters and transformers as converters.
What voltage is my device?

Single voltage hair straighteners

What voltage is my device?

One method to see if your appliance is either single or dual voltage is to check for numbers printed on the supplied charger, or on the device itself, normally near to where the power cord sits. This location will depend on the make or model of your device but should also be written in the instruction manual or on the box.

  • Single voltage devices might have a specific number - such as 120V.
  • Single voltage devices might also have a small voltage range (around 20 volts) with a dash to accomodate small voltage fluctuations - such as 220-240V.
  • Dual voltage devices will say a larger voltage range separated with a slash - such as 110/240V.

What can I connect to a Mongolian power outlet?

Travel appliances that can connect to a Mongolian power outlet

Beats Pill speakers which can connect to a Mongolian power outlet

Jabra Bluetooth speakers which are compatible with a Mongolian power outlet

Mobile phones which can be connected to the Mongolian power outlet

Apple iPhones that work with a Mongolian power outlet

Samsung Galaxy phones that work with a Mongolian power outlet

A list of Amazon Kindle tablets which work with a Mongolian power outlet

A list of Apple iPads which are compatible with a Mongolian power outlet

Corrections

We endeavor to ensure all details on this page are correct and relevant to travelers visiting Mongolia, if you wish to contribute any useful information or feedback please email travel@wikiconnections.org. For more comprehensive technical details visit the Wikipedia page on AC power plugs and sockets [17].

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongolia - Mongolia Wikipedia page.
  2. http://www.iec.ch/worldplugs/ - International Electrotechnical Commission World Plugs
  3. Type E plug adapter - Allows appliances to connect to Type E power outlets without converting voltage.
  4. Portable charger - A power bank is a portable charger which can recharge USB powered devices such as mobile phones and tablets on the go.
  5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adapter - power adaptor
  6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mains_electricity_by_country - WikiPedia - Mains electricity by country
  7. Rechargeable hair dryer - Rechargeable battery powered blow dryer suitable for travelling.
  8. Gas hair straighteners - Cordless ceramic hair straighteners powered by gas cartridges.
  9. 20,000mAh portable charger - High capacity 20000mAh high-speed portable USB charger suitable for charging mobile phones and some tablets for several days.
  10. USB-C PD power bank - Power Delivery charger suitable for charging laptops with USB-C support.
  11. Solar backpack - A solar backpack will charge USB devices or an internal power bank when left in sunlight.
  12. Solar power bank - Portable power bank with solar cells which can recharge when placed in sunlight and power any USB powered device.
  13. 4 Port USB Wall Charger - A universal USB charger capable of charging up to 4 USB devices with swappable international adapters.
  14. Power converter - A step up step down power converter converts 110-120 volts up to 220-240 volts and 220-240 volts down to 110-120 Volts.
  15. Step down power converter - A step down power converter allows a 100-120 volt appliance to be used in a 220-240 volt power outlet.
  16. Heavy duty power converter - A 5000 watt heavy duty step up and step down power converter used to convert voltages for domestic appliances, power tools, televisions, heating appliances and motors.
  17. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AC_power_plugs_and_sockets - AC power plugs and sockets